One of the most prominent schools in Bali, it emphasises functionality and self-defense over competitive sparring.
White egret style founded in Bogor in 1952. It is a combination of pencak silat and kuntao. The head organisation, Persatuan Gerak Badan (PGB), has branches in Indonesia, North America, the Middle East and Europe.
A West Javanese style founded by Embah Kahir in the 18th century, along with the kera (monkey), pamachan (tiger) and stick-fighting styles. Around 300 variations of cimande exist today, and are practiced primarily in villages along the Cimande River.
A traditional style developed in the palace grounds of Yogyakarta. It was first taught outside the palace by RM Harimurti (Raden Rio Tedjonegoro), and the school was formally organised by his student Suko Winadi.
Based on old styles from Mataram and Madura, it focuses equally on internal and external training.
White dove or white pigeon style, allegedly founded in 1550. Outside Indonesia, branches exist in the USA and the Netherlands.
Mutiara Panca Rasa
A modern style founded by Bapak Haji Tengku Fuad Alzakiyat Azhar. It is the national silat of Indonesia.
Paguron Penca Silat Nampon
A defensive style which mixes self-defense with internal training, founded by Nampon in 1932. It consists of ten steps that focus on redirecting the opponent's attack to leave them open to a counter-attack. The movements are combined with bursts or waves of the senses.
Perguruan Pencak Silat Padjadjaran Nasional
A Sundanese style from West Java.
Pencak Silat Pertempuran
A combination of Pencak Silat Pamur and Silat Teralak, with influences from Silat Jati Wisesa and monkey king silat. The name means "combat silat" because of its focus on sparring rather than demonstration.
Pentjak Silat Rante USA
Founded by Rudy Kudding in 1962 after immigrating to the United States from Indonesia. Described as constant flowing motions, Rante or chain system. Blocks turn into multiple strikes. Focus is on Knock Out striking. Extremely effective self defense and practical street fighting.
The national silat of Java founded by Pak Dirdjo. Also known as PD, it combines pencak silat with Chinese techniques which Pak Dirdjo learned from Yap Kie San in Parakan.
A style based mainly on cimande, Derosemo and Sera silat with some elements of pancha bela.
Pukulan Pencak Silat Serak
Founded by Pak Sera and expanded by Mas Jut. Several regional variations exist.
The traditional Balinese style, influenced by 15th-century Javanese immigrants.
Silat Wali Songo
A modern style based on traditional techniques centered around the kembangan, similar to the wai khru ram muay. Includes comprehensive groundwork, strikes, grappling and weapons.
The Minangkabau tiger style. One of the oldest silat systems in the world, it is also called silek kuching or cat silat. It is unique among other tiger-based styles because practitioners fight while crouched down. This tactic is believed to have been developed to avoid falling or stumbling during battle in West Sumatra's wet paddy fields.
A Sundanese style from Bandung, West Java.
A modern system based on Muslim philosophy. It combines several West Javanese methods with karate and Chinese martial arts. It is one of the most well-known schools in Indonesia and the Netherlands today.
One of the oldest,famous and historical silat in Malaysia. A very devastating ancient art of war. It's also the origin of buah pukul style
Gayong Sri Rama
A traditional style based on the movements of Seri Rama, the hero of the Ramayana.
An old weapon-based style used by Melakan warriors against Portuguese conquistadors. First taught publicly by Azlan Ghanie in 1997, the school focuses on fighting with the kris. Training centres around the learning of forms or lok, of which there are five altogether (the word lok also refers to a curve on the kris' blade). Two years are required to complete the basic syllabus.
An offensive style combining the Chinese art of lian or buah pukul and tomoi. Its main technique is a quick series of punches or chops. Weapons include the tekpi, stick and Chinese sword. The entire syllabus can be completed in eight months after 4–6 hours of weekly practice.
An old offensive style which some believe was taught by Hang Li Po's bodyguards from Yunnan. It is characterised by rolling punches or chops thrown in rapid succession.
A modern system based on the older tiger style called sendi harimau which focuses on joint manipulation. The Gayung Malaysia organisation was among the first silat associations registered in Malaysia, and it is today one of the four most popular schools in the country. A derivative of seni gayong is practiced by the Malaysian Armed Forces called combat silat or gayong combat.
Seni Gayung Fatani
Originating in Pattani, Thailand, it focuses mostly on locking techniques.
Founded by Yap Mat in Kedah in 1977, the name means wind silat. It combines the weaponry of seni gayong, the hand strikes of Wing Chun, the energy drills of yiquan and the elbow and knee attacks of tomoi.
An aggressive style created in Kedah. Unlike other systems, silat chekak doesn't include evasive side-stepping or dance-like routines and is never performed with musical accompaniment. Instead, it focuses on sparring so students learn to confront hostility directly.
A traditional style from Penang combing silat and tomoi with influences of Burmese bando. It is often mistaken for Muay Thai. Weapons include the chain, knife and tekpi.
Silat Kalimah Panglima Tangkas
A somewhat controversial style purported to have been descended from an older method called Silat Kalimah. This system was supposedly taught exclusively among the Kedah royal family before being opened to the public by the late Pak Yahya Said in 1963. Sceptics who doubt this claim believe that either Pak Yahya Said or his guru founded the style themselves.
Silat Kuntau Tekpi
A weapon-based style focusing on the tekpi. It was founded by a panglima (governor-general) of Kedah in the early 19th century, whose daughter was known as the serikandi Kedah or heroine of Kedah. The syllabus is divided into five levels. The first two levels teach self-defense, the third and fourth introduce the use of weapons while the final level emphasises spiritual and mental development.
Originally called silat tarah, the name was changed because it was considered too violent. The word tarah means to sever or cut off while lincah means quick, agile and ever-changing. The grandmaster of the style is Mahaguru Omardin bin Mauju.
"Battlefield silat", an old weapon-based style said to date back to 14th century Majapahit. Unlike most other systems, it doesn't contain any pre-arranged routines, but relies on sparring with sticks and blunt blades.
Also known as silat tua ("old silat"), it was developed by Hindu-Buddhist ascetics and hermits in Pattani, Thailand. Traditionally credited as the earliest system of silat Melayu, its age is evident in several aspects. For example, it does not include any preset forms so students learn techniques mostly through silat pulut and freestyle forms. Unlike later methods, the kris is considered the least lethal of silat Pattani's five primary weapons. The art contains three main Ramayana routines based on Seri Rama, Sita Dewi and Hanuman in addition to the deer, snake, monkey, bird, tiger and nāga (dragon) styles.
Silat Telapak Nusantara
Supposedly founded by a Muslim scholar named Tuan Sheikh Ali who helped introduce Islam to his homeland of Sumatra. As he gained more experience, his system went through seven major stages of development. The final development, called silat bongsu, is the core of all the other stages and is thus called the mother style. Because Tuan Sheikh Ali's method requires at least seven years of consecutive daily training to master, each level was taught as a separate style until all were re-merged under a single school in Malaysia.
Silat Teralak Asli
One of the most popular styles in Kelantan. It is said to have been founded in 1865 by Ulud Bagindo Chatib in Kamang, West Sumatra. After spreading to peninsular Malaysia, it was altered by the grandmaster Tuanku Syech Habibullah. Silat teralak is not used in competition but rather for character-building. Thus it is straightforward without aesthetic movements. The footwork uses fast movements designed for self-defense.